Amalfi of Roman origin, was the first Maritime Republic of Italy. After the fall of the Roman Empire, it was the city that first re-established trade relations between the West and the East, transporting and introducing many exotic products to Italy, such as carpets, coffee and paper. It had its own currency, the Tarì. It was the homeland of Flavio Gioia, inventor of the compass and gave to sailors the law of the sea called “Tabula de Amalpha”. He founded a famous 2000-bed hospital in Jerusalem, from which it originated in 1112, by Fra Gerardo Sasso da Scala, the first of the Military and Religious Orders who called himself of the Knights of St. John and then of Cyprus, Rhodes and Malta (1530), which still exists today. He fought repeatedly against the Saracens and defended Rome and the Church in the famous battle of Ostia in 849. Amalfi is not just history, but myth, legend, art, religious tradition. Above all, it is sun and health, a quiet picturesque climatic and seaside resort, with a very mild climate and incomparable natural beauty. The receptive heritage consists of well-known historic hotels and comfortable modern hotels.
The Cathedral, built in the 6th century and dedicated to St. Andrew the Apostle, whose relics are kept in the Crypt. Its current facade, sparkling with mosaics, is of oriental style. The bronze doors, the first to appear in Italy, were donated by the Amalfi noble Pantaleone di Mauro Comite, who had them melted in the 11th century in Constantinople, where he resided and headed the imperial party.
The Cloister of Paradise adjacent to the Cathedral, built in the 13th century, in Arabic style, houses ancient sarcophagi, carved marble and mosaics.
The Ancient Arsenals of the Amalfi Republic of the 9th century, witnesses of a glorious maritime past.
The Morelli Hall, where you can admire the 14 canvases by Domenico Morelli reproduced in mosaic on the pediment of the Duomo, some paintings and sketches by the Amalfi painter Pietro Scoppetta and the artistic pluteo that houses the only known example of the “Tabula de Amalpha”, the costumes of the Regattas procession.
Paper Museum in the Valley of the Mills.
The Emerald Grotto, located in the enchanting bay of Conca dei Marini 4 km from Amalfi, reachable by boat from Amalfi, departing from Molo Pennello from 09:30 to 16:00, or by land at km 26.4 of the SS 163 Amalfitana, with access via stairs or lift.
The interior of the cave is similar to a magnificent oriental temple, full of columns, stalactites and bizarre-shaped curtains, to which popular imagination has attributed the most curious names and the most daring combinations. This is how we find mermaids, fantastic animals and famous people. Discovered by chance in 1932, it blends the typical elements of a karst cave with those of a sea cave. Originally the cave was located above the sea level, and the slow dripping gave rise to stalactites and stalagmites of various sizes. Later, about 6000 years ago, the increase in the earth’s temperature and phenomena of bradyseism caused the sea level to rise, which submerged large tracts of the coast. This is how the cave took on its marvelous current characteristics, essentially due to the existence, about 4 meters below the water level, of an opening towards the sea. The Grotta dello Smeraldo houses inside the suggestive submerged ceramic nativity scene of Vietri, which every year on the occasion of Holy Christmas, is the destination of a large crowd of divers from all over Italy.