Are you enjoying the first days of spring on an Amalfi Coast getaway, but do you need to make a change of scenery? The archaeological site of Herculaneum is a valid alternative, a real pleasant excursion dedicated to culture.
To reach Herculaneum from Amalfi Coast by public transport, You must reach Sorrento (with a SITA bus) and from there, You will arrive at the station of the local Circumvesuviana railway, where approximately every half hour train leaves for Naples which stops at the excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
The lost City of Herculaneum
The history of Herculaneum is extremely fascinating: in 79 AD, the violent eruption of Vesuvius destroyed
irremediably everything that was in the vicinity of the volcano, covering the Roman cities on the slopes of Mt. Vesuvius.
The history of Herculaneum, however, is different from that of nearby Pompeii: Herculanum was devastated nearly twelve hours later than in Pompeii and covered by a layer of lava over 18 meters high.
Following the destruction, Herculanum was quickly rebuilt around the ruins and the city Roman was forgotten for centuries. Only in the eighteenth century, during the works for the creation of a well, were found objects from the Roman period. Thus began the excavation works that brought to light the wonders of the ancient city and which still continue today, slowly revealing the secrets of the incredible lost city.
Among the wonders found in Herculaneum there are frescoes and mosaics, statues, shopping centers and villas. In particular, several buildings have, in an excellent state of conservation, also the second floor, which is what it does not happen in Pompeii.
In addition to the archaeological area, it is possible to visit the pavilion of the boat of Herculaneum, the only one found under the lava in the ancient city port. According to the historical reconstruction this ship was the only one on the coast not set sail on that day of panic, probably due to a leak. All the others sailed to safety.
Although the period is not the best, the director of the archaeological park of Ercolano, Francesco Sirano, in an interview with the Touring Club reveals that:
“The availability of physical spaces for everyone is accompanied by another project: the Digital Museum of the Ancient World Herculaneum, usable through an Open Data platform developed with the Packard Humanities Institute. It will allow scholars to remotely visit the buildings of the ancient city with their equipment decorative and in association with the rich heritage of its inhabitants: furnitures, utensils of the everyday life, luxury goods … ”.
Before returning to the Amalfi Coast You can also visit the Vesuvius Crater, easily reachable with
“Vesuvio Express” shuttle with departure every 40 minutes.